Ariion Kathleen Brindley


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100 Most Popular Cats

by

Ariion Kathleen Brindley



This is a list of 100 cat breeds

Please email your suggestions or comments to





This list of 100 cats is in alphabetic order





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Abyssinian

abyssinian kitten with feathers

Photo credit: How Stuff Works animals.howstuffworks.com



Abyssinians are a special type of tabby cat; they are distinguished from all other tabbies by their beautiful ticked, resilient coats. All tabbies, in fact, have this ticked or agouti background in their coats (whereby each individual hair shaft is banded with different colors); however, superimposed on this ticked background is a particular dark pattern such as mackerel, spotted, or blotched. Through more than 85 years of selective breeding, these dark patterns have been nearly eliminated from the Abyssinian breed, and this is what makes them so unique. Although other tabbies are bred in different colors, Abyssinians are bred and recognized for championship by CFA only in the ruddy and red varieties.(In CFA, the color blue was recognized in 1984 and fawn in 1989).

Some breeders prefer to believe that Abyssinians are the most ancient of breeds and that they were both companions and gods of the Egyptians. The history of the Abyssinian breed could begin whereever a ticked tabby walked, because similar cats existed in all countries. The notion that ticked cats were imported here, there, and everywhere is a rather provincial idea. There is little or no doubt that Abyssinian cats developed in England, for there is no record of any Abyssinian cat imported there.

Story credit: The Abyssinian Home Page www2.serve.com/BatonRouge






Aegean

Aegean cat

Photo credit: Wikimedia commons.wikimedia.org



Aegean Cat Breed – Country of origin – Greece

The Aegean cat (only native Greek breed of cat.) originated from the Cycladic Islands of Greece and its development was started by the breeders in fledgling Greek Cat Fancy in early 1990.

Characteristics of the Aegean cat

Aegean cat has a semi –longhaired coat without any down hair and has a rich tail. This coat provides a good protection to the body in the extreme cold climatic conditions. As far as colors are concerned, white is always present along with 2 or 3 other colors. Stripes may or may not be present in this breed.

The Aegean Cat has a muscular build and has a perfect body. This medium sized breed has round-shaped paws and a long straight tail without any kinks. Ears are wide having rounded tips and are covered with hairs. Mostly like other cats, the eyes are really beautiful with shade of green color in them.

Temperament of the Aegean cat

The Aegean Cat is intelligent and is very capable predators. Due to this they are mostly used as pest controllers in the rural areas. Aegean Cats as pets share a very good relationship with humans. They are very social and communicate well with others. Due to their lively nature they can easily draw the attention of others.

Story credit: Catnkitten www.catnkitten.com






American Bobtail

American Bobtail cat

Photo credit: Tarm ve Ziraat Bilgi Bankasi www.tarimziraat.com



The American Bobtail originated in the late 1960s with a male brown tabby kitten with a bobtail found on an Indian reservation in the Southwest U.S. The couple who found the kitten raised him and later bred him to a longtail female. The subsequent offspring formed the foundation of the American Bobtail breed. Contrary to its rugged appearance, the American Bobtail is not a "wild" cat, but descends from naturally occurring bobtailed cats found in the wild.

In other words, you will not find any bobcats (Felis rufus or Lynx rufus) in an accepted breeding program.

You will notice an expression of intelligence and alertness in an American Bobtail, as befitting its history of survival. They are described by fond owners as "fun, friendly, talkative, outgoing, and great climbers."

American Bobtails are great family cats, and get along well with other animals and children. If you feel the "call of the wild," you might consider an American Bobtail cat as a companion.

Story credit: Cats About cats.about.com






American Curl

American Curl cat

Photo credit: Wonderful Cats wonderfulcats.blogspot.com



The American Curl is famous for its ears which are uniquely curled. The history of this breed began in June 1981, in Lakewood, California. According to the story, two cats with unusual curled ears wandered up to the doorstep of cat lovers, Joe and Grace Ruga. However, one of them disappeared soon after they were seen together. The other, a longhaired black cat that Ruga named Shulamith, which means "black but comely", stayed with them. In December 1981, Shulamith delivered her first litter of four kittens. Out of these four kittens, two had curled ears. A geneticist who was contacted to study this phenomenon confirmed that this unusual; curled ear was a genetic feature and was inherited in every case and there is no deformities attached to it.

In 1983, an American Curl was exhibited at a cat show for the first time. American Curls were officially accepted for CFA registration in 1986, and for championship competition in February 1993. American Curls were also the first breed with two coat lengths to participate in the Championship of CFA. The longhaired American Curl was also given championship status by The International Cat Association (TICA). American Curl is considered a wonderful pet in the United States of America. The main reason remain behind its popularity is that no genetic defects are associated with the curl gene.

Appearance

The ideal American Curl is usually found in medium size. It is an alert cat with an elegant appearance and a sweet, open expression, complimented by their remarkable ears. When they are born, they look like any other kitten, but within five to seven days their ears get firmer and start to plump up and curve back. These cats don't reach maturity until the age of 2-3 years. American Curls come in both longhair and shorthair. The longhair Curl has a beautiful plumed tail. The shorthaired variety of this breed is called the "Shorthair Curl" by some associations. Both these varieties have soft, silky, lustrous, flat-lying coats.

American Curls require little grooming & only an occasional bath and regular combing is needed to keep the coat in good condition. This breed is strong and healthy, is also free of the genetic defects that are common in many purebred cats. American Curl generally found as a pet, may have almost straight ears, but show cats must have ears that curl in an arc between 90 and 180 degrees. They are disqualified if their ears touch the back of their skulls. The American Curl can be found in different colors or coat pattern. There eyes are generally found in a rainbow & striking blue of colors.

Personality

American Curls are friendly, faithful, and affectionate cats. They enjoy spending time with their owners. They love companionship and adjust remarkably faster with other pet animals and children. They adjust very easily in new atmosphere. Curls are even-tempered and intelligent. They are known for their affinity with children. Their behavior remains kitten-like throughout their adult life. The cat lovers are generally impressed by their infectious personality, intelligence and beauty. Due to these reasons, American Curls are one of the most famous cats among Americans.

Story credit: Pets I Love India pets.iloveindia.com






American Shorthair

American Shorthair cat outside brown, tan and black

Photo credit: TipTop Globe www.fullworld.eu



The American Shorthair phenotype most closely resembles the nearly extinct Scottish variant of the European wildcat, known as The Scottish Wildcat.. A small captive breeding program,conducted by several Scottish zoos, is actively working to preserve and extend genetic diversity among captive purebred wildcats, so that a wider gene pool can eventually be released to prevent extinction of this endangered species. Meanwhile, enjoy the similar appearance and hunting talent of its domestic relative, the American Shorthair cat.

In the early tenth century, the Romans brought the European Shorthair into the British Isles, where he was received with admiration as the protector of the scarce British grain supply. Hywel Dda, Prince of South Wales, put several laws into effect in 948 A.D. for the protection of these rodent hunters. One of these laws fixed the value of newborn kittens, young adults, and proven hunters. The penalty for stealing or wounding a cat was one ewe and her lamb. The penalty for killing a cat was enough grain to cover the tip of the cat's tail when the cat was suspended by his tail with his nose touching the ground.

Story credit: Alken-Murray Corporation www.alken-murray.com






American Wirehair

American Wirehair cat

Photo credit: Ortalion Cats www.ortalion.se



The Wirehair's unusual coarse, prickly coat was caused by the spontaneous mutation of a gene. In 1966 on a farm in Verona, New York, the American Wirehair made its debut in a litter of American Shorthairs. Its crimped, coarse coat was the result of the spontaneous mutation of a dominant gene. The first-ever Wirehair was a red-and-white kitten named Adam. Breeder Joan O'Shea began a selective breeding program, crossing the Wirehairs with American Shorthairs to avoid excessive inbreeding and to develop the breed. The American Wirehair was officially recognized in the United States in 1978. Wirehairs were first imported to France in 1972. Still rather uncommon in the United States, this breed is extremely rare in Europe.

Story credit: Library Thinkquest library.thinkquest.org









Balinese

Balinese cat

Photo credit: Our Pets www.catteries.org.uk



The Traditional Balinese (aka Applehead Balinese) cat combines the unique personality and intelligence, robust body type, pointed coloring, and the minimal shedding of the Traditional Siamese, with a softer voice and a silky coat.

They are extremely intelligent, curious and loving. Their behavior and loyalty often resembles what most people expect of a dog more than a cat, as they follow their owners about, sleeping outside of the door of any room you occupy, that they cannot enter, and amusing themselves with a toy until they can once again be on your lap. Agile, swift, muscular and extremely intelligent, they love to play fetch or to make up other games. They get along easily with other cats and with dogs and yet are independent enough to adjust to periods of being alone.

While they still 'talk' like their Siamese cousins, their voices are far softer and they speak only when they have something they feel is important to say. As such, they grow up to make delightful 'watch-cats' often alerting their family when strangers approach or when something seems 'wrong'. They are very alert to their owners and surroundings, but not a hyperactive cat. Rather, they maintain an easy balance of playing and napping depending on the circumstances.

Story credit: Balinese Cat balinesecat.com







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Bengal

Bengal cat

Photo credit: Democratic Underground www.democraticunderground.com



The Bengal is a relatively new hybrid breed of cat, which exhibits the "wild" markings (such as large spots, rosettes, and a light/white belly), and body structure reminiscent of the wild Asian Leopard Cat (Prionailurus bengalensis bengalensis).[1] The Bengal cat has a desirable "wild" appearance with a gentle domestic cat temperament, provided it is separated by at least three generations from the original crossing between a domestic feline and an Asian Leopard Cat.

The name Bengal was derived from the taxonomic name of the Asian Leopard Cat (ALC), as shown above, and not from the more widely known Bengal tiger species, which is unrelated to the Bengal's ancestry.

Story credit: Wikipedia wikipedia.org






Birman

Beautiful Birman adult cat

Photo credit: Veterinary Clinical Pathology Clerkship Program www.vet.uga.edu



The history of the Birman in Europe dates back to around 1920, although the details are rather sketchy. The Birman is reported to have descended from a pair brought to Europe by Mr. Vanderbilt this pair being Sita the female and Madalpour the male. During the voyage to Nice Madalpour died, Sita was however in kitten and later gave birth to a litter where only one survived - this was the female Poupee being the beginnings of the 'de Madalpour' stock. Selections and cross breeding to Siamese and other breeds (including Colourpoints, and White Longhairs) were done in order to establish the early Birman, as there was no other way to recreate that which had been found in Sita & Madalpour.

Story credit: The Northern Birman Cat Club www.northernbirmancatclub.co.uk'






Bombay

Bombay cat

Photo credit: Blogspot www.petmedsonline.org



This majestic breed is a real heat-seeker. The Bombay's brilliant copper-colored eyes can fade or turn slightly green with age, while the jet-black coat is almost maintenance free - a rubdown with a chomois, or even your hand, is all that is needed to keep its sheen. Although litters are large, the Bombay cat remains rare, especially outside North America. Bombays are sensitive to loud noises and tend to be wary of children and the outdoors.

History Of The Bombay Cat:

In the 1950's, a Kentucky Breeder tried to create a "mini black panther" from black American Shorthairs and sable Burmese. By the 1960's, she had produced cats with black coats, muscular bodies, rounded heads, and copper eyes. The Bombay was recognized in 1976.

Story credit: Pet Meds Online www.petmedsonline.org






British Shorthair

British Shorthair cat

Photo credit: Cat Breeds Wiki catbreedswiki.com



Harrison Weir, father of all cat shows, was a great admirer of these cats. "The ordinary garden cat," he wrote, "has survived every kind of hardship. That he exists at all, is a tribute to his strength of character and endurance." Mr. Weir's devotion to the shorthaired British cats was shared by Mr. Jung, who was to become one of the first cat show judges. He believed if these beautiful cats were thoughtfully bred, a race of cats with aristocratic pedigrees and the same inherent goodness and quality would be developed. The breed produced was named the British Shorthair and were the only cats to be shown as pedigreed at the first cat shows. All others were simply shown as longhair or shorthair, divided by their various colors.

Story credit: Cats Ablout cats.about.com






Burmese

Burmese cat

Photo credit: Farsight www.farsight.net.nz



Burmese cats have a beauty all their own, epitomized by their very large, rich golden eyes, which peer at you from an attractively rounded head covered in deep sable fur. One look at a Burmese, and it's hard to look away. They are simply hypnotizing.

Roundness is indeed a hallmark of the breed, as show specimens are also quite compact and full figured. In fact, lifting a Burmese is rather like lifting the proverbial "ton of bricks" as these cats are solidly packed.

As mentioned, the sable brown coat is the desired color of the breed, however, sometimes lighter colors are thrown due to the Burmese's origins . This is because all Burmese lines today stem from a single female, Wong Mau, a lighter sable brown cat that was bred to a Siamese stud in an attempt to breed a line of cats resembling herself.

Selective breeding of the offspring, and removal of more dilute colors from the program resulted in establishing the true Burmese type, however dilutes still popped up in litters from time to time. Once barred as undesirable, these dilutes are now accepted in the breed, and some breeders actually specialize in producing these colors.

Dilute colors include:

Blue

Champaign

Platinum

Story credit: Cats Love to Know cats.lovetoknow.com






California Spangled Cat

California Spangled Cat

Photo credit: Cute Cat Site cutecatsite.blogspot.com



California Spangled cat belongs to a breed that has the looks of a wild cat and characteristics of a domestic one. California Spangled cats are a crossbreed of many strains of cat, including the Abyssinian, American Shorthair and British Shorthair. Contrary to their wild look, Spangles are purely domestic and adore playing and interacting with their people. Its face looks extremely expressive and intelligent. The cat was essentially bred in the 1980s, to raise awareness and consciousness about endangered leopards. However, the felines are very rare and not readily available. In the following lines, we have provided information on the history, appearance and the personality of California Spangled cats.

Story credit: I Love India pets.iloveindia.com






Chartreux

Three Chartreux Kittens

Photo credit: Find A Kitten www.findakitten.co.uk



The Chartreux is an internationally recognized breed of domestic cat. Chartreux cats are from France, reportedly originally bred by Carthusian Catholic monks at their monastery in Grenoble for the purposes of catching mice to preserve food storages from loss and damage. Legend has it the Chartreux's ancestors were feral mountain cats from what is now Syria, brought back to France by returning Crusaders in the 13th century, many of whom entered the Carthusian monastic order. The first documented mention of the breed was by the French naturalist Buffon in the 17th century. The first Chartreux were brought to the USA in 1971.

Story credit: Hi Cats www.hicats.com






Chausie

Chausie cat

Photo credit: Cat Breeds catbreedswiki.com



This breed was created by mating Jungle Cats, Felis chaus with domestic cats. Hence the name, Chausie. The wild Jungle cat lives along the Nile River. Mummified Jungle cats have been found in Egyptian tombs. Thus Chausies are sometimes referred to as "Nile Cats". Chausies have short thick coats that require little grooming. Males are a little larger than females. They often tip the scale at more than twenty pounds! Because of their appearance, some people mistake them for a wild feline.

Chausies are high energy cats with a never-ending sense of curiosity. Their antics will amaze and delight you as they explore the environment. Their inquisitive personality may also cause problems in the home. It is just a matter of time before a bored Chausie gets into trouble. For that reason, I recommend a lot of exercise and behavioral enrichment for these cats. As I have said before, "A tired animal does not get into trouble." Fortunately, I have it on good medical authority that Rudy Purrs-alot is exceptional in every way.

Story credit: Dr. Nelson's Veterinary Blog drnelsonsveterinaryblog.com



Cheetoh

Cheetoh

Photo credit: Michenews michenews.blogspot.com



The 'Cheetoh' cat breed is derived from crossings between specific Bengal cat and Ocicat bloodlines. It is a wild animal hybrid descended from the Asian Leopard Cat.

The Cheetoh cat incorporates the distinctive spotted coat characteristics from both the Ocicat and the Bengal breeds. Notably that of harnessing the pronounced spotting from the Bengal breed and the taller longer legged stature from the Ocicat breed. The purported goal of the Cheetoh breeding program was to create a very intelligent cat that is considerably larger with an extraordinary wild look without adding more wild blood. Both the Ocicat and the Bengal are wild looking cats bred for their excellent temperament. Its main distinguishing characteristics, apart from its spots and sleek, plush, velvety coat, is its low shouldered "wildcat" walk. Males grow to around 15-22 lbs. Females are slightly smaller & seldom reach more than 15 lbs.

They are currently bred in six color varieties - the Black/Brown Spotted Sienna, the Black/Brown Spotted Gold, the Black Spotted Smoke, the Black Spotted Silver, the Lynx Pointed Gold Spotted Snow, and the Brown Spotted\Cinnamon.

Story credit: Pets Area pets-area.com



Colorpoint Shorthair

Colorpoint Shorthair Kittens

Photo credit: Hobbikats



Colorpoints born in Oriental Shorthair litters became eligible for championship status in 1984. These are not to be confused with "pure" colorpoints who do not have any Orientals in their pedigree. The first "pure" colorpoints were red points that were first shown in CFA in 1964. These came from combining the Seal Point Siamese with red American shorthair. In May, 1970, brown lynx, silver lynx, blue lynx, red lynx and seal-tortie lynx were added by combining the Siamese with brown and silver American Shorthair tabbies. In 1972 changes were made concerning color description. Silver lynx points were eliminated and lilac lynx points were added. Brown was divided into seal and chocolate lynx points. Later cream points and parti-color lynx points were added and made eligible for championship status in 1985.

Story credit: Library Thinkquest library.thinkquest.org






Cornish Rex

Cornish Rex cat

Photo credit: Wikimedia Commons
commons.wikimedia.org



History and Origin

All Cornish Rex cats are descended from Kallibunker, a wavy haired barnyard kitten born in July of 1950 in Cornwall, England. Originally of stocky body type, the Cornish Rex breed arrived in the United States, where Siamese and Oriental Shorthairs were introduced into the bloodline. As a result, today's Cornish Rex has the racy, slender body we recognize as distinctive to the breed.

The Cornish Rex is the oldest of the three Rex cats breeds, and was accepted for championship status in CFA in 1964.

Grooming requirements

Although very low maintenance, the Cornish Rex’s coat is so short it doesn’t offer the same protection as a normal coat, so your Rex will always need to be kept warm and dry. While not entirely shed-free, the Cornish Rex will shed less on your clothes and upholstery than most other breeds of cat. The Cornish Rex's coat is very easy to care for; a weekly session with a soft baby brush is the most your pet should ever need.

However, occasional firm stroking with the hand from head to tail will emphasize the wavy curl of the coat, and Cornish Rex is guaranteed to enjoy that sort of grooming session every bit as much as you do!

Cornish Rex Health

Health Ailments

While no cat is truly hypoallergenic, the Cornish Rex (and Devon Rex) is sometimes – but not always - found not to aggravate existing cat allergies. Allergic people are encouraged to visit a breeder to determine their own reaction to the Cornish Rex breed. The Cornish Rex is considered elderly at 8-10 years old, and yearly blood tests from this age on are a good idea to aid early diagnosis of problems such as kidney disease. Selecting a qualified breeder or buying from a reputable pet store can help ensure that your Cornish Rex will live a strong and healthy life. Maintaining your Cornish Rex's proper weight and grooming requirements will also help maintain its good health, along with regular checkups at the vet.

Story credit: PetSource www.petsource.org






Cymric

Cymric cat

Photo credit: Kurilkot www.kurilkot.com



The personality of the Cymric has won a strong following despite the breeding challenges. Cymrics are intelligent, fun-loving cats, and they get along well with other pets, including dogs. Cymrics are particularly noted for their loyalty to their humans and enjoy spending quality time with them. As cats go, they can be easily taught tricks. Despite their playful temperament, they are gentle and nonaggressive. Their playful yet tractable dispositions are good for families with children. Cymrics are powerful jumpers and if sufficiently motivated will manage to breach the most secure shelf. They are also fascinated by water, as long as you don't dunk them in the nasty stuff. Perhaps this fascination comes from originating on a small piece of land surrounded by it.

Cymrics come in a variety of tail lengths. The tail types are broken into four classifications: rumpy, rumpy-riser, stumpy, and longy. Since the tailless gene is dominant, all Cymrics that possess the Manx gene will have one of the four tail types. Rumpies are completely tailless and are prized because they can compete successfully in the show ring. They often have a dimple at the base of the spine where the tail would be if it were present. Rumpy-risers that possess a short knob of tail, stumpies that have an often curved or kinked tail stump, and longies that have tails almost as long as that of an average cat, are used for breeding or are placed as pets. Many breeders dock the tails of the longies to make it easier to find homes for them.

Story credit: PetFinder www.petfinder.com






Devon Rex

Devon Rex cat

Photo credit: Invasat www.invasat.org



Discovery and relations

The Devon Rex is a breed of cat with a curly, very soft short coat similar to that of the Cornish Rex.

The first Devon was discovered in Buckfastleigh, Devon, UK in 1960 amongst a litter of kittens near a disused tin mine. The breed was initially thought to be linked with the Cornish Rex; however, test mating proved otherwise. Cats have three types of hair: guard hair, awn hair, and down hair. The Devon Rex's coat is unusual because there is little guard hair (see Cornish Rex and Sphynx for more information on hair-deficient genetics in cats).

Appearance

The curl in Devon Rex fur is caused by a different mutation and gene than that of the Cornish Rex and German Rex, and breeding of a Devon with either of those cats results in cats without rexed (curled) fur. Devons, which are medium sized cats, are often called "pixie cats" or "alien cats" because of their unique appearance. Their uncommonly large ears are set low on the sides of their wide heads, their eyes are large, and their noses are slightly upturned. Unlike most cats their whiskers are very short and often curled to such an extent that it may appear as if they have no whiskers. Their body type is distinctly lightly-built. Their long, sturdy legs are well suited for long leaps, and their toes are unusually large. Devon Rex cats come in all colours. The ears are large and slightly rounded.

Behaviour

The typical Devon is active, mischievous, playful, and very people-oriented. They have been described as a cross between a cat, a dog and a monkey (or, more famously, as "a monkey in a cat suit"). They are high-jumpers and will try to occupy any space large enough to admit them. With this trait, they are often found in odd nooks and crannies of a closet, shelf, or laundry basket. Devons prefer to be in high places and will go to great lengths to get to the highest spot in a room. They are relatively easy to take care of. Most Devons also have one central person to whom they devote their love, and on whom they will most often lie and rub[citation needed]. They like to playfully nip, and love to play throughout their lives.

They are a very intelligent breed; the typical Devon Rex can be trained to walk on a leash, fetch or perform all manner of tricks usually associated with canines, like jump, heel and tag to name a few.

Another common trait is their show of affection: they have a particular penchant for being close to the head or neck of their human companions and can often be found mounted upon ones shoulder or nestled into the cranny created by the neck and shoulder when one is prone.

Story credit: Wikipedia wikipedia.org



Dilute Calico

Dilute Calico

Photo credit: Wikimedia commons.wikimedia.org



Calico Is Not A Breed

Basically, a calico cat is a tri-colored cat of black, red(orange), and white. It can also be of a diluted version in blue (gray), cream, and white. Cats with these same colors, but without the white spotting gene, are called tortoiseshells, or torties, and blue-creams, respectively. The white can be in varying degrees. Cats with mostly color, and low amounts of white are sometimes referred to as "tortie and white" instead of calico. Calico cats with mostly a white background and patches of red and black are called "high white" calico cats. If the cat is all white, with only color patches on the head and tail, and no more than one patch on the body, it is a "van" calico cat.

According to the world's largest cat registry, The Cat Fanciers' Association (CFA), there are actually 16 breeds that come in calico patterns. Amongst these breeds, you can have a large Maine Coon calico, or a Persian with its long flowing coat in calico cat colors, or a Scottish Fold, with it's turned down ears, can be a calico or tortie or blue-cream, in either long or short coats.

And are all calico cats females? Well, the majority of them are. For very complicated genetic reasons, it takes two X chromosomes for a cat to be a tortoiseshell or calico cat. A male would have to possess two X and one Y chromosomes to be a calico cat. This can happen, but very rarely. According to a study at the College of Veterinary Medicine in Missouri, one out of 3,000 calico colored cats is male. This oddity occurs in humans, too. The males, in both cases, are usually sterile.

Story credit: Absolutely Cats www.absolutelycats.com



Donskoy

Donskoy cat

Photo credit: Cats Book www.catsbook.fr



The Donskoy originally comes from Russia, where Elena Kovaleva rescued a kitten in 1987 from being abused. Due to stress the kitten started losing its hair. This hairless cat later on gave birth to kittens who soon after birth started losing their hair. Irina Nemikina who is a professional cat breeder took a kitten and bred a new breed of hairless cats which she called the Don Sphynx. In TICA registries it is known as the Donskoy.

This different cat breed is truly different in looks! The Donskoy is an elegant, active, social and people-orientated cat. This hairless cat gets along well with other pets and should never be without a companion - be it human or another pet.

The Donskoy comes in 4 different coats types in a variety of colors. A dominant hair loss gene causes the Donskoy's birth coat to fall out. The coat types include flocked, velour, brush and rubber bald. The flocked variety is born with a thin coat that falls out and the result is skin that feels like a chamois cloth. The velour variety is born with hair, but with a bald spot on top of the head. They also lose their hair over time and become completely bald. The brush variety only loses part of their hair over time. The coat is soft, wavy and wiry with bald areas on the head, neck and back.

Story credit: Cat Breed Info www.cat-breed-info.com






Egyptian Mau

Egyptian Mau cat

Photo credit: cHarmony fereshteh.net



The Egyptian Mau dates back over 3000 years. The Egyptian Mau is perhaps the oldest of all domestic cats and one of only two naturally spotted breeds still in existence (the other being the Bahraini Dilmun Cat). The Mau is most likely the descendant of the African Wild Cat (Felis lyica ocreata.) The domestication of the Mau occurred sometime between 4000 and 2000 BC.

Egyptians very quickly saw the value of the Mau. They used them initially to hunt and retrieve birds. It is very common to see pictures of cats in marshes with birds in their mouths. The oldest images of cats in ancient Egypt are hieroglyphs carved on a temple wall found to the south of Cairo dated around 2200 BC.

Around 2000 BC and on, the Mau started to hold a great importance in religion and was worshiped as a god. The Mau represented almost every aspect of their life. They were represented by over twenty some gods and goddess that were catlike figures.

Many cat cults, like the cult of Bastet, appeared during this time. They continued in to the Roman occupation around 330 AD.

When a cat died in Egypt the body was mummified and entombed. The family of the deceased cat shaved their Eye brows as a sign of mourning. If a cat was ever harmed during this time it was an offense punishable by death.

Story credit: Traditional Cat Association www.breeds.traditionalcats.com









European Burmese

European Burmese cat

Photo credit: Flickr www.flickr.com



The European Burmese and the North American Burmese originated from the same source. Both Burmese are slim active cats with short silky coats and golden eyes. The Burmese cat is thought to have originated in south-east Asia during the Middle Ages. The history of the modern breed began around 1930 when a retired US Navy psychiatrist (Joseph Thompson) brought his pet, a brown female cat called Wong Mau, home to the US from his station in Burma (Myanmar). Dr. Thompson claimed that Wong Mau was representative of a new breed and started a breeding program involving a seal point Siamese. Other breeders and geneticists came to his help and as a result of their efforts the Burmese became the first purebred breed to be developed entirely in the US. The majority of Wong Mau’s descendants retained her overall dark brown coloring but some had Siamese coloring (lighter color with darker points) and some had a darker coloring with even darker points. This last group was later independently developed into the Tonkinese breed.

The Cat Fanciers’ Association (CFA) recognized the Burmese in 1936 but later withdrew recognition in 1947 because of the number of out-crosses to Siamese that were made to maintain the breed. The Burmese was re-instated by the CFA in 1958 when they recognized the sable (dark brown) variety while the British recognized them in 1952. The European Burmese originated from Wong Mau but went through different out crossings to Siamese in the United Kingdom. Today we have two very different looking cat breeds, each with their own standard but both sharing a common history.

Story credit: All Cat Breeds www.allcatbreeds.com






Exotic Shorthair

Exotic Shorthair cat

Photo credit: Exotic Kitten Breeds exotickittenbreeds.com



The Exotic Shorthair is the enticingly cuddly, shorthaired version of the Persian. They have the short faces of the Persian and a short plush coat which gives them an endearing teddy-bear look. The breed was recognised by most cat associations in the late 1960s.Like their long-coated relatives, they comes in all colors of the cat rainbow.

Their bodies are short, cobby and much heavier than you would think. Their heads should give a complete impression of roundness – round domed head, small round ears, their eyes large and round and brilliant in colour. Even though their faces are short, they should have as open and sweet an expression as possible.

Story credit: Cat World www.cat-world.com.au






German Rex

German Rex

Photo credit: Wikimedia http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:German_rex_harry.jpg



German Rex is a breed of domestic cat. They are a medium sized, breed with slender legs of a medium length. The head is round with well developed cheeks and large, open, ears. The eyes are of medium size in colours related to the coat colour. The coat is silky and short, with a tendency to curl. The whiskers also curl, though less strongly than in the Cornish Rex and they may be nearly straight. All colours of coat, including white, are allowed. The body development is heavier than the Cornish Rex - more like the European Shorthairs. A German Rex cat is very friendly and quickly makes contact with its owner. It is lively, playful and intelligent. It is the master of all acrobatic tricks, which it repeats again and again with huge enjoyment. Its temperament is much the same as a Cornish Rex.

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Havana Brown

Havana Brown cat

Photo credit: Moggies www.moggies.co.uk



History of the Havana Brown Cat

Since the 1890s cat breeders began trying to develop an all-brown cat and so, they eventually succeeded. In the early 1950s, British Breeders cross-bred a Siamese Cat with a Black shorthair cat and the result was a group of cats referred to as "Chestnut Brown Foreigns". Chestnut Brown Foreigns served as a stable foundation for the Havana Brown Cat.

Appearance of the Havana Brown Cat

Today, Havana Brown Cats differ markedly depending on their country of origin. The Havana Brown cat's eyes are a vivid shade of mid-green and comes only in Brown, ofcourse. The brown coat color can be described as a rich shade of warm mahogany with a reddish accent.

Personality of the Havana Brown Cat

The Havana Brown cat's personality can be described as companionable. These cats crave companionship and should not be left alone for too long. The Havana Brown has an interesting habit of using their paws to investigate and will touch and feel anything that sparks their curiosity.

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Himalayan

Himalayan seal point kitten from ariionkathleenbrindley.com

Photo credit: Ariion Kathleen Brindley www.ariionkathleenbrindley.com



The Himalayan is one of the most popular breeds of cats. These longhair, blue-eyed beauties capture the eyes and hearts of cat lovers all over the world. Read on to learn about the history, look and care of Himalayan cats.

History of Himalayan Cats

The Himalayan breed was started in 1930 by Dr. Clyde Keller, from The Harvard Medical School, and Virginia Cobb of Newton Cattery. They started out by breeding Siamese cats with Persian cats, trying to develop a long-haired, Persian-bodied cat with the color-points of the Siamese. They bred and crossbred until "Newton's Debutante" was born. This cat was the first cat recognized as beginning the Himalayan Breed.

The breed was accepted by CFA in 1957 as a breed standard, and in the 1980's it was merged with the Persian breed, listing them as a color variation of a Persian instead of a totally different breed. Now in order to breed CFA registered Himalayans, you must have a CFA Registered Persian and/or Himalayan for both the sire and the dam. No Siamese are allowed in the breeding line.

Story credit: The Cat Site www.thecatsite.com





Ariion Kathleen Brindley

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Japanese Bobtail

Japanese Bobtail cat

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The Bobtail's personality, though clearly not its appearance, is closest to that of the Abyssinian. Its quick study of a situation, short attention span and mischievous response put it in a league all its own. One should add a personality that appeals to those who love lively, spirited, not laid back cats. Bright they had to be to survive Japan's streets for centuries. In order to catch and consume vermin, cross streams (Some love water!) and avoid fastidious gardeners, Bobtails learned to adapt quickly. They even learned to delight aristocrats, peasants and, in fact, all classes with their exquisite appearance and charming skirmishes. Bobtails talk (presumably in Japanese!), though not as much as Siamese, occasionally retrieve and are often cliquish when kept in numbers.

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Javanese

Javanese cat

Photo credit: Flickr www.flickr.com



What They’re Like to Live With:

Javanese cats are people-oriented, playful, intelligent and vocal. They demand attention and affection from their people and do not like being left alone for long periods of time. The Javanese coat does not have the downy undercoat of most cats so requires substantially less grooming. Some people believe different personality traits are associated with the different color points.

Things You Should Know:

Javanese cats require a great deal of love and attention. While they can withstand being alone during the day, they need one-on-one time with their owners on a daily basis. Their coats do not mat because they lack the downy undercoat, so less brushing is required than for most other cat breeds.

Javanese History:

The Javanese breed was developed from crossing the Siamese with Colorpoint Shorthair and Balinese cats. The Javanese shares a common history with the Balinese until 1979, when the Javanese was officially recognized by the Cat Fancier Association (CFA) as a separate breed.

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Korat

Korat cat

Photo credit: Gamespot www.gamespot.com



The Korat is an ancient cat from Siam (now Thailand) that is written of in the "The Cat-Book Poems." This book was written between 1350 and 1767 AD. The Korat is known as the Si-Sawat cat in its native country and the Korat name was originated when King Rama V of Siam was presented with the cat. He asked what kind of cat it was and was told it came from Korat, a high plateau in northeast Thailand. It is known as the good-luck cat of Thailand and a pair of Korats are often given to brides on their wedding day to ensure a happy marriage. Korats are rarely sold in Thailand, but given to people held in high esteem.

The first Korat to be exhibited was probably in England in the late 19th century. It was entered as a Siamese because that is where the owner obtained it. It was listed as a solid blue and descriptions of that judging still exist today. The first modern Korats were introduced to the U.S. by Mrs Jean Johnson in 1959. Her husband retired from the foreign service in Thailand and they were presented with a pair of Korats as gifts when they returned to the United States. Since that introduction, many additional Korats have been imported and every Korat can trace its ancestry back to Korats living or have lived in Thailand. This why the Korat is sometimes referred to as the Silver-blue cat with the Thai passport.

Shortly after the Korat arrived in the United States the Korat Cat Fanciers Association was formed. It is a non-affiliated international club dedicated to the protection and development of the Korat. This club was instrumental in getting the Korat recognized in all associations and helps ensure that the standards for the Korat remain virtually the same in all associations.

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Laperm

Laperm cat

Photo credit: Cat Facts www.catfacts.org



What do these unique felines look like? The fur is the characteristic which sets the LaPerm apart. Ringlet-type curls cover the entire cat. The tightest curls occur on the underside and base of the ears, with a curly, plumed tail. The curl ranges from tight ringlets to long, corkscrew curls. It is soft in texture, but each cat's coat is distinctly unique. Some LaPerm kittens are born hairless, but most have short, wavy hair at birth. Often, the tops of their heads will be bald during the first four months or so. They can also be born with wavy hair and then lose it. For the first six months, it's pretty much a guessing game.

The LaPerm cat breed is "low maintenance", requiring minimum grooming because the coat does not easily mat. LaPerms' curls hold the hair, much like that of the Poodle, so shedding is minimal. Bath and towel drying is all that is required to maintain the curl. Blow drying tends to make the hair frizz. After the coat is totally dry, spritzing with a fine mist of plain water works well to achieve even more curl.

Story credit: Cats Central www.cats-central.com






Maine Coon

main coon cat with girl

Photo credit: Fog City Maine Coon Cat www.fogcitycat.com



There is a wealth of romantic tradition surrounding this beautiful and popular cat breed. So where did Maine Coon cats really come from?

Racoon Matings

One of the best known stories about Maine Coons is that they are the result of a mating between a racoon and a domestic cat. This is, of course, genetically impossible!

Bobcat Ancestors

Maine Coons have been thought to be the result of a bobcat/housecat cross. This is a possibility. Matings between bobcats and housecats are rare, but they have been documented. The kittens of such a cross are described as sturdy, heavily-furred cats with large tufted ears and big feet, ie they look like Maine Coons!

Rescued French Revolution Cats

The next legend is an extremely romantic tale, based loosely on fact. Towards the end of the French Revolution, there was a bid to save the royal cats. A sea captain named Samuel Clough was to bring Queen Marie Antoinette and her cats to the USA. She is said to have had a number of fluffy Persian or Angora cats, which mated with the resident American farm cats. Their descendents are said to be the Maine Coons. This is not impossible, but fairly unlikely, since Marie Antoinette was not even known to have any long-haired cats.

Captain Coon’s Cats

Next there is the story of a Captain Coon, an English sea captain who was very fond of cats. He had a number of Persians and Angoras, and when he fraternized while ashore, so did his cats! When long-haired cat litters began appearing, they were referred to as “one of Coon’s cats”…and gradually the name stuck.

Viking Cats

Maine Coons could be descended from the Norwegian Skogkatt, which possibly came over with the Vikings. In recent times there have been many comments on the similarity between the two breeds, so this is quite possible. The longhaired Russian cat could also have been a possible ancestor.

The Likely Truth of the Matter

The true origins of the Maine Coon are likely to be a combination of all of the above legends, shorn of the romance and some of the details. Throughout the period of American colonisation, ships came to the North-East of the USA with cargo and crews, and with them, their cats. These would have been cats of many breeds, which mated with the original domestic American cats. Man then added to the mix by selecting the traits that were found to be appealing, adding breeding programmes, and finally producing today’s Maine Coon.

But does it all really matter anyway? The Maine Coon is a unique, huge, lovable cat, with devoted fans the world over. Do they really care where he came from?

Story credit: Suite101.com The genuine article. Literally. cat-breeds.suite101.com






Manx

Manx cat

Photo credit: Isle of Man www.isle-of-man.com



The Manx breed originated before the 1700s on the Isle of Man (hence the name), where they are common. They are called stubbin in the Manx language. Tail-less cats were common on the island as long as three hundred years ago. The tail-lessness arises from a genetic mutation that became common on the island (an example of the founder effect). Folk beliefs claim the Manx cats came from the Spanish Armada; a ship foundered on Spanish Rock on the coast of the Isle of Man. According to legend, the cats on the ship swam ashore and became an established breed. Legend has it that the cats originally went onboard the Spanish ship in the Far East.

The Manx tail-less gene is dominant and highly penetrant; kittens from Manx parents are generally born without any tail. Having two copies of the gene is semi-lethal and kittens are usually spontaneously aborted before birth. This means that tail-less cats can carry only one copy of the gene. Because of the danger of having two copies of the tail-less gene, breeders have to be careful about breeding two tail-less Manxes together. Problems can be avoided by breeding tail-less cats with tailed ones and this breeding practice is responsible for the decreasing occurrence of spinal problems in recent years.

There are various legends that seek to explain why the Manx has no tail. In one of them, Noah closed the door of the ark when it began to rain and accidentally cut off the tail of the Manx cat who'd been playing and almost got left behind. Another legend claims that the Manx is the offspring of a cat and a rabbit, explaining why it has no tail and rather long hind legs. In addition, Manx cats move with more of a hop than a stride, like a rabbit. This legend was further reinforced by the Cabbit myth. Recent postcards on the Isle of Man depict a cartoon scene in which a cat's tail is being run over and removed by a motorbike, because motorbike racing is popular on the Island.

Populations of tail-less cats also exist in a few other places in Europe. The population on the isolated Danish peninsula (former island) of Reersø in the Great Belt may be due to the arrival on the island of shipwrecked cats of Manx origin.

Story credit: Wikipedia wikipedia.org






Munchkin

Munchkin cat

Photo credit: Pixdaus www.pixdaus.com



Weight: 8-10 lbs.

Appearance - Apart from its shortened limbs, the Munchkin resembles a domestic long- or shorthaired cat. All patterns and coat colors are acceptable.

Personality - The feline version of the Dachshund, this controversial new short-legged breed (named after the little people of Oz) is friendly, confident, talkative, and intelligent, with a wonderful sense of humor. Munchkins are extremely easygoing and so make great companions for children. Short legs apparently do not handicap Munchkins, which can run with considerable speed and climb trees, although their jumping ability is somewhat limited. Countertops may be beyond their reach, but some owners may consider this an asset. They are able to groom themselves, and can stretch with hindlegs to scratch behind their ears.

Breed Fact - The Munchkin breed descends from a stray cat with unusually short legs. Since cat fanciers got their first glimpse of this dwarfish feline at a show at New York's Madison Square Garden in 1991, the breed has created quite a stir, and its acceptance is not unanimous. The Munchkin's shortened legs are caused by a spontaneous dominant mutation that has appeared before--in England in the 1930s and in Russia in the 1950s. Munchkins are still a breed in progress; most major breed associations do not recognize them for competition.

Story credit: Bullwrinkle www.bullwrinkle.com












Nebelung

Nebelung cat

Photo credit: Cat Chitchat cat-chitchat.pictures-of-cats.org



The Nebelung is the modern version of the longhaired Russian Blue cat. They have a medium-length, blue, silky coat. The Nebelung is a rare breed that is primarily found in the United States, Russia, Germany and the Netherlands. These cats make loyal, affectionate companions, though they may be shy around strangers.

Story credit: Got Pets Online www.gotpetsonline.com






Norwegian Forest Cat

Norwegian Forest cat

Photo credit: Pethealth pethealth.petwellbeing.com



Norwegian Forest Cats, or ‘Wegies’ (WEE-gees) as they are called, originated in the forests of Scandinavia. After domesticated cats were exported from Africa to Northern Europe, some were abandoned. These cats went on to live feral lives in the woods and the traits of the Norwegian Forest Cat developed naturally.

Norwegian Forest Cats are hardy, robust cats and they have a dense thick coat with long flowing hair. Unlikeother long hair cats, the coat of the Forest Cat does nottangle and is silky soft. The Norwegian Forest Cat’s coat also is very different in the summer and winter. During the harshly cold winters of Scandinavia, the Norwegian Forest Cat developed a double coat, an outer layer to protect it against snow and sleet, an inner layer that insulated the cat like long underwear. During the summer time, Norwegian Forest Cats shed the inner layer and they look much thinner. Forest Cats also developed ear hair to protect them from the frigid elements and it can grow to be three to four inches long. The cats also have very long bushy tails and thick manes similar to those of lions.

The coat of the Norwegian Forest Cat can vary to nearly any color, with the exception of color points, like those of the Siamese. The most common coat coloring is brown and white tabby. The lighter the coat of a Forest Cat is, the thicker it is because white or pale coats do not trap as much heat as dark ones do. Some Norwegian Forest Cats even change color during the summer shedding and winter growth season.

Although the Norwegian Forest Cat has feral roots, it is not a wild cat at all. Like any other kitten, if it is raised with human care it will enjoy human company, and if raised wild it will not. The Norwegian Forest Cat came out of the forest and back into domestication some time around four thousand years ago. It’s Norse name, skogkatt, literally means ‘forest cat.’ The Norwegian Forest Cats were the cats of the Vikings and the first to travel to the shores of North America. It is believed that some of their offspring stayed behind in what is now Canada and the United States, and produced a line of feral cats.

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Ocicat

Devon Rex cat

Photo credit: Cats of Australia www.catsofaustralia.com



The ocicat was developed in 1964 by accident, when Siamese breeder Virginia Daly, of Michigan, crossed a seal point Siamese female with a ruddy Abyssinian male in the hopes of developing an Abyssinian-pointed Siamese. The first litter of kittens all looked like their Abyssinian father, since the Abyssinian pattern and coloration are dominant over the Siamese pattern and colors. Next, Daly bred one of the female half-Aby, half-Siamese kittens to a chocolate point Siamese male.

The resulting litter gave her the Aby-pointed Siamese she was trying to achieve. However, the litter also contained an ivory male with golden spots and striking copper eyes, which Daly named "Tonga." Daly's daughter dubbed him an ocicat because of his resemblance to a baby ocelot (an American wildcat).

Daly began an ocicat breeding program using Abyssinians and Siamese, and worked to turn this happy accident into a recognized breed. Later, American shorthairs were added to introduce the color silver and give the breed a larger, more muscular body. The Cat Fanciers' Association (CFA) and The International Cat Association (TICA) both accepted the ocicat for championship competition in 1987. All North American associations now recognize the breed.

In 1986, the gene pool was closed to Siamese and American shorthair outcrosses. However, Abyssinians are still used in ocicat breeding programs and will be until January 1, 2005. This will help keep the gene pool large and healthy.

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Oriental Longhair and Shorthair

Oriental Longhair cat

Photo credit: Red Orbit www.redorbit.com



The Oriental Longhair is the longhaired version of the Oriental Shorthair just as the Balinese is the longhaired version of the Siamese.

Alternatively, it could be considered to be the full coloured equivalent of the Balinese in the same way as the Oriental Shorthair is the full coloured equivalent of the Siamese.

Prior to 1st June 2003 the breed was known as the Angora in the UK. In the US it is known as the Oriental Longhair, in FIFe the Javanese and in some other organisations - the Mandarin.

Ancient History

In the 1890's some Longhaired cats were referred to as "Angoras"; these were supposedly distinguished from the Persians by having a more angular head, larger ears and a longer, silkier, uneven coat.

By the early 1900's the Angora was no longer recognised as a separate breed in the UK and some authors of the day doubted that it ever had been distinct. The "Angora" was then forgotten for many years and the only accepted Longhaired breed in the UK was the Persian.

More Recent History

Other longhaired breeds were introduced: Turkish Vans were imported and then Birmans. Balinese (longhaired Siamese) appeared on the show bench in 1975 and in 1981 the first UK Somalis (longhaired Abyssinians) were born. Maine Coons were given GCCF Preliminary recognition in 1988 and now have Championship status. Norwegian Forest Cats were recognised by the GCCF in 1989 and granted Championship status from June 1st 1997, Ragdolls were recognised in March 1990, with Championship status from June 2001, and finally the Tiffanies (longhaired Burmese and Asians) in September 1990. Unfortunately the longhaired Orientals lagged behind although they have been recognised by the GCCF almost as long as the Balinese and far longer than the Somalis.

Story credit: Wikipedia commons.wikimedia.org






Oriental

Oriental Cat black in color

Photo credit: Sedgwick County Animal Control www.sedgwickcounty.org



Several historical sources show that the original cats of Siam (now Thailand) were not all colorpointed. Indeed cats of all colors were imported to the west from Thailand at the beginning of the twentieth century. Yet, in the 1920's, an official decision made by the Siamese breed association, has set the colorpoint coat pattern as the only acceptable pattern in the Siamese breed.

During the 1950's, breeders in the UK began to explore the new possibilities of multi -colored cats with the Siamese build and personality. Later on, American breeders joined the efforts and in the 1970's the new breed was recognized as the Oriental. At first, in the UK the breed was also known as the Foreign type cat. The Oriental is the standard name today in most associations. The only exception is the white Oriental, which is still called the Foreign White in the UK.

Story credit: The Cat Site www.thecatsite.com



Persian

Persian Kitten

Photo credit: Sabrina Abd Razak sabrinaabdrazak.blogspot.com



As the dusty desert caravans wound their way westward from Persia and Iran, it is supposed that secreted among the rare spices and jewels on the basket-laden camels was an even more precious cargo, an occasional longhair cat. They were called Persian for their "country of origin," but hieroglyphic references as early as 1684 B.C. shroud forever their exact beginnings.

Persians, with their long flowing coats and open pansy-like faces are the number one breed in popularity. Their sweet, gentle, personalities blend into most households once they feel secure in their new environment. Creatures of habit, they are most at home in an atmosphere of security and serenity, but with love and reassurance, can easily adapt to the most boisterous of households. Their quiet, melodious voices are pleasant and non-abrasive. They communicate delightfully with their large expressive eyes and make charming pets for all ages. Persians have short heavily-boned legs to support their broad, short bodies. They like to have their feet firmly planted and are not given to high jumping and climbing. Playful but never demanding, they love to pose and will drape themselves in a favorite window or chair, enhancing the decor in much the same way as a treasured painting. Persians are tremendously responsive and become a constant source of joy and delight to their owners. Pleasurable as an unexpected sunbeam, their companionship is close and enduring.

Story credit: The Cat Fanciers' Association www.cfainc.org





Ariion Kathleen Brindley

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Peterbald

Peterbald cat

Photo credit: Smooth Cats www.smoothcats.com



Character: Peterbalds are usually sweet-tempered, peaceful, curious, smart and energetic. Peterbalds love their family members and need to communicate with them; they are not a loner type of cat. Peterbalds live in harmony with other cats and pets and also with children. They are also not vindictive, and all of their characteristics make peterbalds an excellent companion cat.

Peterbalds look very elegant and slim and have a distinctive head: narrow and long with a straight profile, almond-shaped eyes, and big set-apart ears. Peterbald cats look much like hairless Oriental Shorthair cats.

Peterbalds are usually sweet-tempered, peaceful, curious, smart and energetic. Peterbalds love their family members and need to communicate with them; they are not a loner type of cat. Peterbalds live in harmony with other cats and pets and also with children. They are also not vindictive, and all of their characteristics make peterbalds an excellent companion cat.

Story credit: Kittycat www.kittycat.co.za






Polydactyl

Polydactyl cat

Photo credit: Cat Chitchat cat-chitchat.pictures-of-cats.org



Most breeds of domestic cats have five toes on each of their front paws and four toes on each hind paw, for a total of 18 toes altogether. However, there are some cats that are born with more toes on either of their paws as a result of a genetic mutation. These cats are known as polydactyl cats, mitten or thumb cats or Hemingway cats.

The History of Polydactyl Cats

The extra toed cats first appeared in the U.S, England, Nova Scotia and Asia in 1868. Because of their unusual appearance, it was a commonly held belief that they were associated with witches and killed as a result. As people became more accustomed to the polydactyl cats, they were believed to be good luck, especially from the viewpoint of sailors. These cats were recognized as exceptional mousers and hunters, and as a result were often transported on ships during many overseas voyages. This is how the polydactyl made its way from Europe to the U.S.

The Polydactyl Population

The northeastern part of the U.S. is home to the largest concentration of polydactyl cats. This is thought to be a direct result of the Puritans introduction of the cat to Boston, Massachusetts centuries ago.

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Ragdoll

Two Ragdoll Kittens

Photo credit: Animals How Stuff Works animals.howstuffworks.com



The Ragdoll is a relatively new breed of cat which was first bred by a lady called Ann Baker in California, USA in the1960's. Ann Baker was a breeder of Persians at that time and the founding queen of the Ragdoll breed was a non-pedigree Angora-type female called Josephine who was owned by one of Ann Baker's neighbours.

Josephine produced frequent litters of kittens which were all fairly wild until at some stage she was severely injured by a car and after her recovery it was noted that the kittens she produced were quite different in that they seemed to crave human attention and were very playful, loving and relaxed. This aroused Ann's interest and she started to acquire some of Josephine's kittens. The first of these was a black self female called Buckwheat who is described as being similar to a Burmese but thick-furred. Also at this time Ann had been borrowing one of Josephine's older sons to sire progeny in her black Persian breeding programme. He had the appearance of a black/brown Persian and she named him Blackie. He was the father of Buckwheat and on one of her visits to borrow Blackie she saw his brother who Ann described as being most impressive and having the appearance of the Sacred Cat of Burma (the Birman breed). She was most taken with this cat and named him Raggedy Ann Daddy Warbucks.

Ann was also able to obtain another daughter of Josephine's. This one had a lot of white on her and was in essence a badly marked bicolour. Ann called her Raggedy Ann Fugianna. Unfortunately when Josephine had a litter of kittens she was very protective of them and at some stage when she was defending her latest litter from the family dog the owner's husband decided that enough was enough and had Josephine and the kittens destroyed so we will never know if Ann would have used further offspring from Josephine for her Ragdoll breeding programme. She did, however, have both Buckwheat and Fugianna and with the services of Daddy Warbucks was able to continue breeding her Ragdolls.

Story credit: Jaymlyndols Ragdoll Cats www.jaymlyncats.com






Russian Blue

Devon Rex cat

Photo credit: Wonder Bird thewoundedbird.blogspot.com



History and Origin

The Russian blue cat is considered to be a native Russian breed. Some experts also admit that the ancestors were different cats brought from other countries for some features of southern cat. As legends tell Russian blue cats were the pets of Russian emperors as well other European countries monarchs. The Russian blue cat were discovered by British sailors in Archangels, a Russian port city and brought to Britain about 1860. There the Russian blue were quickly accepted to show rings and signed to the stud books.

Appearance

The main distinguishing feature of the Russian blue cat is short thick shiny coat with a blue-grey glance. These cats have a fine body structure, narrow skull, V-shaped muzzle. The legs are long and slender. The eyes are green, almond shaped. The Russian blue is a really the beauty between cats.

Temperament and Personality

Besides the beauty Russian blue cats are treasured for their gently and affectionate nature. They are playful, agile and very orderly.

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Savannah

Savannah cat

Photo credit: Components of Enthusiasm componentsofenthusiasm.wordpress.com



The Savannah cat is a hybrid between two related species of feline. Through this hybridization a new line of cats was created, and known as the Savannah cat. The history goes back to when a Bengal cat breeder (also a hybrid cat) crossed a domesticated cat (Felis silvestris catus) with a Serval (Leptailurus serval). Although they are neither in the same genus, they are in the same Family Felidae and Subfamily Felinae, and are able to interbreed. After the first hybrids were produced, attempts were made for several years to get it popularized. Finally in the early 90s a breeder joined in the production and founding of the Savannah cat breed. As of the early 2000s there were nearly 22,000 Savannah cats.

Due to their hybridization with a large wild cat, they are typically larger than normal housecats and can weigh up to 35lbs for first generation offspring, while the second and later generations are between 15 and 25lbs. Due to the broad mixing of genetics the variability of size and weight occurs from litter to litter, with some in excess of 35lbs as adults, without obesity. Depending on the breed of domesticated housecat used, their patterns and overall coat will look different, and will produce wide variations. Of note is the fact that although the Savannah is a hybrid of the common domestic cat, only certain breeds of domestic cat are recognized, while others are not. Some breeders will mix the Bengal hybrid with the Savannah hybrid to create even more genetically varied stock, however the Bengal is not accepted as one of the breeds. Accepted breeds according to the TICA are the Ocicat, Egyptian Mau, Domestic Shorthair, and the Oriental Shorthair. Due to hybridization males are sterile until around the 5th generation, while females are not, and can be fertile with the first generation hybrids. Their costs go up accordingly, with females being much more valuable than males.

Story credit: Stange Hybrids strangehybrids.com



Scottish Fold

Scottish Fold cat

Photo credit: The Cat Blog www.thecatsblog.com



A spontaneous mutation on a Scottish farm gave rise to the Scottish Fold cat in 1961. A white barn cat named Susie, the mother of the Scottish fold breed, caught the eye of a man named William Ross, who asked Susie's owner if he could have any folded-ear kittens that Susie produced. He adopted one of Susie's kittens, Denisla Snooks, which produced more kittens with ears folded forward and downward. All Scottish Fold cats can trace their ancestry back to Denisla Snooks and Susie.

Appearance

The most notable feature of the Scottish Fold cat is that its ears are partially flattened against its head, though the amount of folding varies from one cat to another. The folded ears give this cat an appearance that is variously described as "owlish," "teddy bear," and "pixie." The ear folding occurs at three to four weeks of age - Scottish Fold kittens are born with straight ears.

Other unique characteristics of the Scottish Fold include a thick tail, a round face with a sweet facial expression, a short nose, and very thick fur. The Scottish Fold is a mid-sized cat, and females are usually slightly smaller than their male counterparts. Scottish Folds are available in both longhair and shorthair, and in a variety of colours and patterns.

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Selkirk Rex

Selkirk Rex cat

Photo credit: Cat Facts www.catfacts.org



This is a bulky-bodied cat with a unique curling coat. The head is round and both genders have jowls. The female is generally smaller than the male. The coat is thick and curly over the entire body. Curly whiskers may be present; these may break off in adults, leaving them with no discernible whiskers. The ear furnishings resemble steel wool. Both shorthaired and longhaired varieties exist, and many colours and coat patterns are accepted.

History

A cat born with this coat, due to a spontaneous mutation, was discovered in an animal shelter in Wyoming in 1987. That cat was bred back to her son, and the coat mutation proven to be dominant. Outcrosses allowed since that time include the Persian, Exotic, British Shorthair and American Shorthair.

Traits

Selkirk Rex are tolerant and people-oriented cats.

Health

No breed specific health problems have been reported.

Summary

Selkirk Rex kittens exhibit their curly coat from birth, but the coat develops until about 6-8 months of age. The Selkirk Rex is the result of a dominant, spontaneous mutation that causes each hair (guard, down and awn) to have a gentle wave or curl giving the coat a soft feel. This is a medium to large cat with heavy boning that gives the cat surprising weight and an impression of power. Females may be less massive than males but not dainty in appearance. The Selkirk Rex is an active cat with a sweet and endearing personality.

Story credit: Love My Pet www.lovemypet.com.au






Serval

Serval cat

Photo credit: Atlanta Reef Club www.atlantareefclub.org



The head of this strikingly unusual small wildcat (19-28 lb) is disproportionate in comparison to its tall ears, elongated neck, lean body, and relatively long slim legs. Pale yellow coat marked with solid black spots along the sides, and bars on neck and shoulders distinguish it. Servals are adapted for hunting prey in African tall grass, and hunt chiefly large rodents for food or birds, small ungulates, reptiles, fish and insects when rodents are scarce.

Story credit: Got Pets Online www.gotpetsonline.com



Siamese

photo of siamese cat

Photo credit: Coolest Cat Care www.coolest-cat-care.com



The Siamese cat originated from Thailand, formerly known as Siam. These cats were held in such high esteem in their native country that no one except the King and members of the royal family were permitted to own them. They were originally known as Royal points.

Written records reveal that Siamese cats, in their country of origin, were venerated as guardians of the temples. When a person of high rank died, it was usual to select one of these cats to receive the dead person's soul. The cat was then removed from the royal household and sent to one of the temples to spend the rest of its days living a ceremonial life of great luxury, with monks and priests as its servants. These cats were reputed to eat the finest foods from gold plate and to recline on cushions made of the most opulent materials, which had been provided by the departed one's relatives in an attempt to receive good fortune and blessings. Once they became temple cats, they were supposed to have special powers and could intercede for the soul of the dead person.

Years ago features such as crossed eyes and kinked tail were looked on as characteristics of the breed and many legends exist as to their origin.

It was said that a Princess of the Royal House of Siam used her cat's tail as a ring-stand while she was bathing. The kink in the tail prevented the rings from falling off and being lost. Another legend accounts for both the cross-eyed feature as well as the development of the kink. Once, when all the men of Siam left their homes to defend their kingdom, just two cats - one male Siamese, Tien, and one female Siamese, Chula - remained in order to guard Buddha's golden goblet in the sacred temple. The male cat became pretty restless and, after mating the female Siamese, left her in order to find another priest to look after the temple. The female, apparently, was so overwhelmed by the responsibility of guarding the Buddha's treasure that she never once glanced away from the goblet, wrapping her long tail around its stem to prevent theft in case she should fall asleep. As time passed waiting for Tien to return with a new master, she could no longer forstall the birth of her kittens, who all arrived with the physical characteristics that she herself had acquired during her period as watchguard - a kinked tail and crossed eyes. Just occasionally, even today, kittens are born with these features - so the legends are kept alive.

Story credit: Siamese Kitties www.siamesekitties.com






Siberian Cat

Siberian cat

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The Siberian cat is a natural breed from Russia. They are found in St. Petersburg and Leningrad.

The first Siberians entered the United States in 1990.

For a significant period of time, it was against the law in Russia to own and feed 'pets'. The Siberian ran the streets of Russia and survived 'underground'. Many found refuge in monasteries which in itself has been part of the historical lore of the Siberian.

Most people who exhibit allergies to other cats, have little or no reaction to the Siberian.

Siberians are loyal and friendly and make great companions. Their personalities are often referred to as dog like and do in fact exhibit protective qualities. Siberians are not an extremely vocal breed, they express themselves with a soft chirping.

This is an intelligent cat with a bold wedge shaped head, rounded contours and expressive eyes. They are a semi-longhaired breed with thick undercoats that require minimal grooming. They are accepted in all color patterns. The Siberian is slow to mature, taking five years to reach full maturity.

Story credit: Fox Valley users.foxvalley.net






Singapura

Singqpura cat

Photo credit: Commons Wkikmedia commons.wikimedia.org



The Singapura is one of the smallest breeds of cats, noted for its large eyes and ears, brown ticked coat and blunt tail. Reportedly established from three "drain cats" imported from Singapore in the 1970s, it was later revealed that the cats were originally sent to Singapore from the US before they were exported back to the US. Investigations by the Cat Fanciers' Association (CFA) concluded no wrongdoing and the Singapura kept its status as a natural breed.

Foundation

In 1975, after a working stint in Singapore, Tommy and Hal Meadow returned to the US with what they say were three local brown-ticked cats. These three cats, a pair of male and female kittens from the same litter and another young female, were the foundation used to establish the Singapura. The breed takes its name from the traditional name for Singapore (Singapura, which means lion city in Malay). In 1981, a breeder visited Singapore and chanced upon a cat fitting the profile of the Singapura (with the exception of the tail) in the local SPCA. The cat was imported to the US and adopted into the breeding program.

Singapuras at a cat show

The Singapura was accepted for registration by the CFA in 1982 and granted championship status in 1988. In between this period, breeders found that the occasional litter would have a solid colored kitten, caused by the recessive gene for solid color. In a desire for the Singapura to breed true, many breeders chose to do test matings to pinpoint and remove from their breeding programs individuals with the recessive gene. It was discovered that two of the three foundation cats carried this gene.

Story credit: Wikipedia wikipedia.org






Snowshoe

Snowshoe cat

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The Snowshoe Cat is a breed of cat. The first Snowshoes cats appeared in the 1960s, as a result of cross-breeding a Siamese and an American Shorthair.

The Snowshoe Cat has large ears, with a triangular head that usually has black markings.

The eyes are blue. The coat is short-haired and is white and gray.

The tail is medium-sized.

There are several varieties, such as Blue-point, Fawn-point, Chocolate-point and Seal-point.

The Snowshoe Cat is known to be very sweet tempered, energetic, and well adaptable.

A very social breed that needs more attention than most and cannot be left alone for long periods of time.

The Snowshoe Cat breed is best suited to the experienced cat owner.

Story credit: Assets of Life www.assetsoflife.com






Sphynx

Sphynx Kitten two weeks old

Photo credit: Wiki Books wikibooks.org



In 1966 a domestic cat gave birth to a hairless kitten in Toronto, Canada. It was discovered to be a natural mutation and the Sphynx cat, as we know it today, came into existence. This cat and a few other naturally hairless cats have been found worldwide. These have magically been produced by Mother Nature and are the foundation for this unusual breed. Cat breeders in Europe and North America have bred the Sphynx to normal coated cats and then back to hairless for more than thirty years. The purpose of these selective breedings was to create a genetically sound cat with a large gene pool and hybrid vigor. This is a very robust breed with few health or genetic problems.

The Sphynx is not actually totally hairless, there is fine down on the body which feels like a warm peach. Some light hair is often present on the nose, tail and toes. The texture of the Sphynx skin has been likened to a suede hot water bottle, a horse’s warm muzzle or a heated chamois. They are registerable in every color that a cat comes in and the color is seen in the pigment of the skin and the few hairs that they do have. One of the questions most asked is “Don’t they get cold?” Well, of course, if it is too cold for you it will be too cold for a hairless cat too. However, these cats are smart enough to find a warm human, dog or cat to curl up with or they will get under your bed covers.

Story credit: Cat Craze www.catcraze.com



Tiffany

Tiffany cat

Photo credit: Breedlist www.breedlist.com



The Chantilly/Tiffany is a moderate-sized semi-foreign cat with a semi-longhaired, full coat and plumed tail. Its long ear tufts are one of the most striking features.

It is accepted in a variety of colors, including blue, chocolate, cinnamon, lilac, and fawn, in both solid and tabby patterns, though chocolate is the most well known.

The breed is friendly, loyal, and affectionate, though occasionally reserved with strangers. It is neither placid nor overly active -- "moderate" is a word which crops up when discussing the Chantilly/Tiffany personality as well as its conformation.

The breed was originally registered during the 1970s in ACA as Foreign Longhair, though the name was changed to Tiffany. ACA dropped the breed due to lack of registrations. It was found later to be naturally occurring in Canada and the breed was resurrected, but by then a different breed called "Tiffanie" was being shown in Britain. The name "Chantilly" was adopted instead. It is still a rare breed.

Story credit: Breedlist www.breedlist.com



Tonkinese

Tonkinese cat

Photo credit: Inner Geek blog.lib.umn.edu



Tonkinese History

Believed to actually have been what was considered a chocolate Siamese, the Tonkinese cat of today is a blend of the Burmese and Siamese. The first Tonkinese was unfortunately the only one of her kind, so breeders had to cross with two similar breeds in an attempt to recreate her. Unfortunately, they bred out all of the Tonkinese characteristics.

Later on, other breeders crossed the Burmese and Siamese back together until they again had the Tonkinese traits that they loved. Some people believe this to be a complete waste of time because they don’t think the Tonkinese is a breed unto itself. Nevertheless, the Tonkinese, affectionately called the Tonk, still holds its place in the hearts of its admirers. Tonk fans will tell you that there’s no other cat like them and that their place in the cat registries is well earned and deserved.

Tonkinese Characteristics

They come in three different color patterns, but the mink color with aqua eyes is the only color to be shown. This is the only aqua-eyed cat breed! One of the recognized color patterns is indeed the color point, which has a contrasting color of body fur in comparison to its darker points (like the Siamese). The other two recognized patterns are mink and solid, though the solid isn’t completely solid but rather less contrasting in color than the previous two patterns. They come in platinum, blue, natural, and champagne.

Tonks are a medium sized breed, but their weight will surprise you because they are muscular and quite heavy for their size. Their coat is short, thick, and very soft. They have a slightly wedge shaped head and large, open almond shaped eyes. Their look reminds people of the apple head (or traditional) Siamese.

Story credit: Cats Suite 101 cats.suite101.com






Turkish Angora

Turkish Angora cat

Photo credit: Cornus Alba cornusalba.com



Turkish Angora cats are ancient domesticated cats which are preferred by many people. People loved this type of cat because of its very long silky smooth cover coat. The interesting fact about the Turkish Angora cat is that they are the oldest type of Angora species.

The Turkish Angora has only been in the United States for only four decades. Because of its increasing popularity they were able to participated in competitions conducted by the CFA association and gained a best of breed award in 1973. The Turkish Angora first flourished in European countries in the late 17 Th century only then it moved to United States.

They are sometimes confused with Turkish Vans because they both have similar physical appearances. Since this breeds’ existence seems to be decreasing day by day some special programs were carried out by the Turkish government in order to safeguard them. They are found in considerable amounts in Asia, Russia, France, Persia and Britain.

They inhibited a thick outer coat in order to sustain the extreme temperatures which helps them prevail in the Turkish mountains where they originated from.

Story credit: Vantasia www.vantasia.org






Turkish Van

Turkish Van cat

Photo credit: Daily Kitten www.dailykitten.com



Domestic cats have been with us for thousands of years, dating back at least as far as the Egyptians who held cats as sacred. Increased trading between countries and continents has allowed domestic cats to spread throughout the world, and different varieties have evolved to suit their environment and behaviour. During the last few centuries many of these individual species have been diluted by interbreeding, both naturally and under human control, and many of the original breeds have been lost as a result.

Fortunately for all of us the Turkish Van Cat has thus far survived this threat, but only barely.

It was back in the 16th century that the first Turkish Cats came to Britain, although at the time they were given various names including Russian Longhairs, and French Cats due to the fact that they were imported from France. These cats wore silky white coats and had blue eyes. Today we might call those cats Turkish Angora Cats, a name derived from Ankara, the capital city of Turkey, however the modern day Turkish Angora bears little relation to their erstwhile namesakes.

Over the last few centuries the quest for the perfect foreign cat had led to extensive cross-breeding. The Turkish Cat line was mingled with those from Persia, Russia, and elsewhere, and a general preference for the Persian style led to the gradual disappearance of the original Turkish Angora type. By the 20th century the Turkish Cat was unknown in Britain.

It was in 1955 that Laura Lushington and Sonia Halliday were travelling through Turkey, and noticed that the cats particularly around the area of Van in Eastern Turkey bore a remarkable resemblance to the traditional Angora type. The most noticeable difference however was that the coat was not pure white, but had auburn head markings and a faintly ringed auburn tail. Laura brought two unrelated cats back to Britain, and when they were mated they produced kittens bearing the same auburn markings. It was at this point that Laura realised that this was a natural breed, and not man-made. She registered the Van prefix and the Turkish Van Cat had since become an established breed.

Story credit: Vantasia www.vantasia.org






York Chocolate Cat

York Chocolate Cat

Photo credit: The Cat Place www.assetsoflife.com



York Chocolate Cats are a new American type of show cat, with a long, fluffy coat and a plumed tail. The 'York' part of its name is taken from New York state, where it was bred in 1983. This cat was created by color-selecting domestic longhaired cats. As the name suggests, all members of this type of cat are solid chocolate or lavender, solid chocolate and white, or lavender and white. The York Chocolate Cat is not yet widely recognized by breeders and the Cat Fanciers' Association.

Story credit: Cat Facts www.catfacts.org







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